A / Outstanding (4.00)
Professional or near-professional quality. Clearly written, well structured, and persuasively argued. Could use some refinements prior to publication or wider dissemination.
A– / Excellent (3.67)
Approaching professional quality. Could use some revisions to improve clarity, structure, and/or argument.
B+ / Very Good (3.33)
Clear and persuasive. The structure and/or argument require improvement but are generally sound.
B / Good (3.00)
Reasonably clear and persuasive. There are, however, notable flaws relating to clarity, structure, and/or argument.
B– / Pass (2.67)
Adequate. There are significant flaws relating to clarity, structure, and/or argument.
C+ / Low Pass (2.33)
Poor. There are major flaws relating to clarity, structure, or argument.
C / Minimal Pass (2.00)
Incoherent. There are major flaws relating to clarity, structure, and argument.
D / Failure (0.00)
Inadequate. Per the SAIS Red Book, a D may be used “when an Incomplete grade has not been resolved by the deadline”.
F / Administrative Failure (0.00)
Per the SAIS Red Book, an F is the “result of an Honor Code violation or when unfulfilled financial or academic obligations exist on non-degree student record”.